The Ball: The standard ball shall be made of durable plastic material molded with a smooth surface and free of texturing. The official ball shall be 2 3/4 inches to 3 inches in diameter. The ball shall weigh between 0.8 and 1.02 oz.Spacing of holes and overall design of the ball must conform to the straight flight characteristics required for play.
Court Specifications. The dimensions and measurements for the standard pickleball court are:
1. The court shall be a rectangle 20 feet wide and 44 feet long for both singles and doubles matches.
2. A total playing surface 30 feet wide and 60 feet long is the minimum size
that is recommended. A total size of 34 feet.
Double Bounce Rule. Following serve, each side must make at least one groundstroke,
prior to volleying the ball (hitting it before it has bounced).
Non-Volley Zone. A player cannot volley a ball while standing within the non-volley zone.
Pickleball is a simple paddle game played using a special perforated, slow-moving ball over a tennis-type net on a badminton-sized court. The ball is served underhand without bouncing it off the court and is served diagonally to the opponent’s service court. Points are scored by the serving side only and occur when the opponent faults (fails to return ball, hits ball out of bounds, etc.). The server continues to serve, alternating service courts, until server faults.
The first side scoring 11 points and leading by at least a 2-point margin wins. For example, if both sides are tied at 10 points, then play continues until one side wins by 2 points.
The Paddle: The paddle may be made of any material judged safe. The paddle shall be made of relatively rigid, non-compressible material. The paddle hitting surface shall not
contain holes, indentations, rough texturing, tape, features that are reflective, or any objects or features that allow a player to impart additional or increased spin on the ball.The combined length and width including any edge guard and butt cap shall not exceed 24 inches. The most common paddle measurement is approximately 8 inches
wide by 15¾ inches long. There is no restriction on paddle thickness or weight.
Pickleball is played either as doubles (two players per team) or singles; doubles is most common
The same size playing area and rules are used for both singles and doubles
The serve must be made underhand.
Paddle contact with the ball must be below the server’s waist (navel level).
The serve is initiated with at least one foot behind the baseline; neither foot may contact the baseline or court until after the ball is struck.
The serve is made diagonally crosscourt and must land within the confines of the opposite diagonal court.
Only one serve attempt is allowed, except in the event of a let (the ball touches the net on the serve and lands on the proper service court; let serves are replayed).
Both players on the serving doubles team have the opportunity to serve and score points until they commit a fault *(except for the first service sequence of each new game).
The first serve of each side-out is made from the right-hand court.
If a point is scored, the server switches sides and the server initiates the next serve from the left-hand court.
As subsequent points are scored, the server continues switching back and forth until a fault is committed and the first server loses the serve.
When the first server loses the serve the partner then serves from their correct side of the court (except for the first service sequence of the game*).
The second server continues serving until his team commits a fault and loses the serve to the opposing team.
Once the service goes to the opposition (at side out), the first serve is from the right-hand court and both players on that team have the opportunity to serve and score points until their team commits two faults.
In singles the server serves from the right-hand court when his or her score is even and from the left when the score is odd.
*At the beginning of each new game only one partner on the serving team has the opportunity to serve before faulting, after which the service passes to the receiving team.
Points are scored only by the serving team.
Games are normally played to 11 points, win by 2.
Tournament games may be to 15 or 21, win by 2.
When the serving team’s score is even (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10) the player who was the first server in the game for that team will be in the right-side court when serving or receiving; when odd (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) that player will be in the left-side court when serving or receiving.
When the ball is served, the receiving team must let it bounce before returning, and then the serving team must let it bounce before returning, thus two bounces.
After the ball has bounced once in each team’s court, both teams may either volley the ball (hit the ball before it bounces) or play it off a bounce (ground stroke).
The double bounce rule eliminates the serve and volley advantage and extends rallies.
The non-volley zone is the court area within 7 feet on both sides of the net.
Volleying is prohibited within the non-volley zone. This rule prevents players from executing smashes from a position within the zone.
It is a fault if, when volleying a ball, the player steps on the non-volley zone, including the line and/or when the player’s momentum causes them or anything they are wearing or carrying to touch the non-volley zone including the associated lines.
It is a fault if, after volleying, a player is carried by momentum into or touches the non-volley zone, even if the volleyed ball is declared dead before this happens.
A player may legally be in the non-volley zone any time other than when volleying a ball.
The non-volley zone is commonly referred to as “the kitchen.”
A ball contacting any line, except the non-volley zone line on a serve, is considered “in.”
A serve contacting the non-volley zone line is short and a fault.
A fault is any action that stops play because of a rule violation.
A fault by the receiving team results in a point for the serving team.
A fault by the serving team results in the server’s loss of serve or side out.
A fault occurs when:
A serve does not land within the confines of the receiving court
The ball is hit into the net on the serve or any return
The ball is volleyed before a bounce has occurred on each side
The ball is hit out of bounds
A ball is volleyed from the non-volley zone
A ball bounces twice before being struck by the receiver
A player, player’s clothing, or any part of a player’s paddle touches the net or the net post when the ball is in play
There is a violation of a service rule
A ball in play strikes a player or anything the player is wearing or carrying
A ball in play strikes any permanent object before bouncing on the court
Determining Serving Team
Players use a coin toss to determine who will serve first. The winner of the coin toss will have the option to choose side or to serve or receive.